The Vineyards

Cooinda Vale, Campania

SOIL: Sandy loams & sandy clay loam over impervious clay
ASPECT: North East Facing
ELEVATION: 80m-100m
VARIETALS: Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.

Established in 1985, the Cooinda Vale vineyard is ideally positioned facing northeast overlooking the Coal River in southern Tasmania. On the 43.5 Latitude line, the vineyard is planted on northeast facing slopes between 80 and 100m above sea level. This is a unique microclimate, being well protected from prevailing winds but still highly influenced by maritime conditions. The long growing season, which can extend into May, with high sunshine hours, predominately winter rainfall and the occasional frost and snow, combine to provide an excellent condition for cool climate grape varieties, such as Pinot Noir, Pinot Grigio, Riesling and Chardonnay. Warmer Summer daytime temperatures and clear Autumn days contribute to this site proving to be rewarding for Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot also.

The soils are red-brown sandy loams & sandy clay loam overlying impervious clay. Due to the sloping nature of Cooinda Vale drainage is provided by lateral water movement across the impervious clay.  The moderate rooting depth means access to water by vines is limited, enabling a natural control of vigor and assisting us to maintain low yields of high quality.

Butcher’s Hill Vineyard, Richmond

SOIL: Dolerite & self-mulching black vertosols over sandstone
ASPECT: North Facing
ELEVATION: 30m-100m
VARIETALS: Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.

Our second vineyard was established on Butchers Hill in 2003. Whilst risk mitigation and a more central position for our cellar door drove the expansion, the addition of a second Single Vineyard site to Pooley Wines has provided depth and diversity with the wines we make. Located on the steepest vineyard site in the coal river valley and only 3km from Frederick Henry Bay, an afternoon sea breeze and prevailing winds from the roaring 40s contributes to the smaller variation between day and night temperatures.

These soils are well drained, Dolerite & self-mulching black vertosols over sandstone. Although they are shallow the fertile and well-structured nature of these soils provide an ideal environment for achieving balance between vine and fruit load.

Belmont House is a stately house, located close to Richmond, built in 1832 by convict labour with sandstone quarried from Butchers Hill. This same stone is found in Richmond Bridge, Australia’s oldest bridge still in use, built in 1823.


The Growing Season

Leaf Fall: April – May

Leaf Fall, during April and May, is the start of the season. This is the time when the vine shuts down, after the harvest, and rests during the cold winter months.

The wines in the winery are fermenting or have finished fermenting. Now is when they are maturing.

Pruning is the most critical operation at this time of the year. It is when vine balance is assessed and the future crop level is established. It is critical to maintain balanced vines, to put them in a position to achieve optimal fruit quantity and quality in the summer. This is not a time to relax. The nets are packed away. Our vines are pruned by hand, the old growth is removed and the vines are tied onto the wire in preparation for spring. Soil testing is done and mulch is applied to the vine rows. Legumes are sown between the rows.

Our white aromatic wines are being prepared for bottling, and the other wines are tucked away in barrels or tanks.

Bud Burst: September

Bud Burst is brought on in September by the increase in daytime temperatures after a cold, wet and frosty winter. The new growth is a wonderful sight. Riding with it are hopes of a successful vintage.

The vines receive minimal sprays, some for disease, some for pests and some to help feed them over the growing stages. Irrigation may be implemented to supplement low winter or spring rainfall. The growth of the vines during this period is quick. Well-exposed new shoots are initiating their buds during this time.

The white wines are being prepared for bottling, fining, cold stabilising and filtering.

Flowering: November – December

Flowering is the next critical time of the year. It is when the vines go into their reproductive stage. The weather conditions during January and February strongly influence the crop that will follow. Warm and settled conditions are paramount for a good fruit set. The fruit slowly develops and matures, with the flavours and acids evolving until the optimum levels are reached in time for the harvest.

This stage is frantic in the winery. The reds are taken out of the barrels and are prepared for bottling. Winery upgrades, or improvements and preparation for the following vintage, are also taking place.

Harvest: March – May

Once the fruit is at optimal maturity and flavour – for their true varietal characteristics to be recognised – it is time for harvesting. This is another stage of the year when warm, settled, clear days are ideal for harvesting the fruit.